One of the main benefits of exercise for health is that it helps to normalize glucose, insulin and leptin levels by optimizing the receptor sensitivity to these substances. Perhaps this is the most important factor for the optimization of general health and the prevention of chronic diseases.
However, exercise also affects the body in myriad ways – both directly and indirectly. However, even the most unexpected side effects are almost universally beneficial. The following are some of the effects of the exercise:
The article mentioned in Huffington Post highlights a variety of biological effects that happen from head to toe when you exercise. Among these, we find changes in:
The Muscles. Glucose and ATP are used for muscle contraction and movement. To generate more ATP the body needs extra oxygen, so it increases breathing and the heart begins to pump more blood to the muscles.
If there is not enough oxygen, lactic acid will form. Small rips in muscles will make them grow bigger and stronger when they heal.
The lungs. As the muscles demand more oxygen (up to 15 times more oxygen than when they are at rest), the rate of breathing increases. When the muscles around the lungs can not move faster, you have reached what is called VO2 max – your maximum capacity for oxygen use. The higher your VO2 max, the more you"ll be in shape.
The brain. The increase in blood flow also benefits the brain, allowing it to function better almost immediately. As a result, you will tend to feel more focused after exercising. In addition, regular exercise will promote the growth of new neurons. In the hippocampus, these new neurons will help stimulate memory and learning. As stated in the article in Huffington Post:
“When you exercise regularly, your brain becomes accustomed to this frequent blood gain and adapts to turning off or on certain genes. Many of these changes stimulate the function of neurons and protect against diseases such as Alzheimer"s, Parkinson"s or even a stroke, and Keep away from age-related impairment. "
It also triggers a variety of neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin, dopamine, glutamate, and endorphins. Most of these are known for their role in controlling mood. In fact, exercise is one of the best strategies for the prevention and treatment of depression.
The heart. As mentioned earlier, the cardiac index increases with physical activity to distribute more oxygenated blood to the muscles. The healthier you are, the better your heart can do this efficiently, which will allow you to train longer and harder. As a side effect, this increased efficiency also reduces resting heart rate. Blood pressure will also decrease as a result of the formation of new blood vessels.
Joints and bones. Since the exercise can put on up to five or six times more weight than the regular activity. The greater bone mass is achieved at maturity and then begins to decline slowly, but exercise can help you maintain a healthy bone mass as you age.
Exercise with weight is actually one of the most effective remedies against osteoporosis since the bones are very porous and soft, and as you age, bones easily lose their density and, therefore, become more fragile – Especially if it is not active.